Soon after, a signal shot from a nearby fort sparkled in the air and cannon fire commenced, just as it did 150 years ago to begin the American Civil War.
The National Park Service and the city of Charleston aimed for the sesquicentennial events to be both inclusive and true to history.
“Four million enslaved African Americans saw this as their revolution,” said Robert Sutton, chief historian of the National Park Service, whose theme for the sesquicentennial nationwide is “Civil War to Civil Rights.”
At Fort Sumter, re-enactors in the blue wool uniforms of Union Army artillery troops under the command of Major Robert Anderson cleaned their guns, sat on their bedrolls and performed gun salutes and drum and fife processions.
Black powder smoke from the cannon fire from the mainland drifted over the fort, which is two miles offshore.
The soldiers have been holding the fort since Saturday and will surrender it on Thursday to re-enactors representing the South Carolina Palmetto Guard under Confederate Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard.
“We’re on sacred ground. It’s hallowed ground to us,” said Seattle resident Mark Silas Tackitt, who played the role of Major Anderson.
He said the re-enactors were being as historically accurate as possible, including cooking on camp fires and drinking a mixture of vinegar and molasses rather than Gatorade.
“You don’t get an idea of what they were going through here unless you stand in their shoes,” he said. “I shave with a straight razor. My hands will not touch plastic at an event.”
related history/mystery updates:
‘wrap the world in flames’:
the US/russian alliance that saved the union*
rarest-ever copy of mein kampf, signed by hitler, expected to sell for £30,000*
fbi secret report said nazi war crimes evidence was probably faked*
jurors vote to acquit the former cia operative & cuban terrorist posada*
eugenics & the still unsolved murder of jane stanford*